What is involved in the orthodontic treatment?
Orthodontic treatment can be divided into three stages. They are:
- Diagnostic phase
- Corrective phase
- Retention phase
In diagnostic phase, a comprehensive examination must be obtained concerning health history, periodontal health, occlusion, the health of the temporomandibular joint and the muscles of mastitcation, and finally, oral habits must be identified. The orthodontic record usually consists of panoramic x-ray, cephalometric x-ray, 5 -view photographic records, and orthodontic model. Cephalometric tracing and analysis will then carried out, combining of clinical examination and model analysis, our treatment modalities can be established.
Corrective phase can be broken down to 8 substages. They are:
- Arch expansion
- Intra-arch leveling
- Canine management
- Establish arch form
- Establish inter-arch relationship (Overbite and Overjet Management)
- Establish the root position – torquing of roots
- Occlusal Finishing
These are the protocol of which Dr. Bui follows in his orthodontic therapy. It is not necessary the same or equivalent with other operator. Our method may be different, but the final result should be toward achieving our common goals as outline previously.
Retention phase is the final phase which involved fabrication of retainers, selective occlusal adjustment, and periodic exam and followup. On certain case where complex tooth movement were obtained, fibrotomy may be performed to minimize relapse.